Knee problems are common across all age groups in India with ageing population at most risk. the degenerative nature of Osteoarthritis causes breakdown and loss of cartilage which serves as a cushion between the bones that make up the joint. Doctors recommend treatment based on the medical history and the severity of the pain such as inflammation, joint stiffness. Knee resurfacing surgery is one of the newest medical treatment available for the patients with joint problems.
There are two types of knee resurfacing surgery being undertaken- partial knee resurfacing and full knee resurfacing. The doctors advise the surgery based on the extent of the arthritis and the damage to the cartilage. At the early onset of the arthritis, only one side or compartment of the knee may be affected. For those patients, only partial knee resurfacing is usually recommended and the full knee resurfacing is advised for the patients whose cartilages on both sides of knee are damaged. During resurfacing, the surgeon will trim and reshape the ends of the bones, removing jagged edges or bony spurs caused by the arthritis. The damaged cartilage will be replaced with an implant, which is cemented into place on the reshaped bone.
Benefits of knee resurfacing:
- Faster recovery and return to daily activities in just four to 8 weeks.
- Shorter hospital stay
- A small incision and only the damaged or arthritic parts of the knee are treated.
- Small instruments are used thus the surgery is a minimally invasive one.
Key differences between knee resurfacing and knee replacement:
Knee resurfacing is popular among the medical doctors treating the patients with an early diagnosis of the arthritis disease. However, if only one or two areas are damaged, the doctors will feel the need to only resurface or replace the damaged areas. It is done using small incision while resulting in less surgical trauma and less blood loss. The only downside is that the patient may require more surgery later if other knee compartments develop arthritis in near future. Total Knee replacement will remove all the all 3 compartments of the knee and then replaced with a metal alloy and polyethylene implant system. There is a far more recovery time but the implants can last for more than 20 years while providing pain relief. Both the surgery is beneficial and useful in their own ways to the patients. Patients suffering from the advanced form of arthritis can consult a good knee replacement surgeon in Mumbai. Knee resurfacing surgery is a good option as it resurfaces only the surface of the joint. Dr Niraj Vora is one of the leading knee resurfacing doctors in India having operated extensively with success over the patients suffering from arthritis.